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Glossary of Extremism and Hate

This database provides an overview of many of the terms and individuals used by or associated with movements and groups that subscribe to and/or promote extremist or hateful ideologies.

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Glossary Term

Harold "Hardy" Carro…

Harold "Hardy" Carroll Lloyd is a Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania- based white supremacist who leads "Church of Ben Klassen," a faction of the Creativity Movement. Lloyd has a long criminal history and has been incarcerated for a variety of... Read more

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Great Replacement / …

"The Great Replacement" conspiracy theory made significant headway into the mainstream in 2021. The theory alleges that people of color are "replacing" white people through immigration, birth rates and other economic, social and political means. While the... Read more

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E. Michael Jones

E. Michael Jones

E. Michael Jones is a longtime antisemite and traditionalist Catholic writer born in 1948. Jones promotes the idea that Jews are responsible for perpetrating attacks against the Catholic Church, as well as against moral standards, social stability... Read more

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Neo-Nazi

Neo-Nazis are one of the main segments of the white supremacist movement in the United States and many other countries. They revere Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany and sometimes try to adopt Nazi principles to their own... Read more

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Stew Peters

Stew Peters

Stew Peters is a Florida-based antisemitic conspiracy theorist, radio show host and self-proclaimed “Christian nationalist.” He also regularly promotes anti-LGBTQ+ and white supremacist beliefs on his show and social media, and he has engaged in Holocaust denial... Read more

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Goyim Defense League

The Goyim Defense League (GDL) is a loose network of individuals connected by their virulent antisemitism. GDL attracts a range of antisemites and white supremacists who are best known for their antisemitic stunts and schemes to troll... Read more

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Goyim Defense League

The Goyim Defense League (GDL) is a loose network of individuals connected by their virulent antisemitism. GDL attracts a range of antisemites and white supremacists who are best known for their antisemitic stunts and schemes to troll... Read more

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Latest Terms

Inverted Red Triangle

Inverted Red Triangl…

In early November 2023, the inverted red triangle emerged as a symbol that in certain cases can signify support for violent Palestinian resistance against Israel. It is used both offline and online, sometimes in the form of... Read more

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Black Hebrew Israeli…

The Black Hebrew Israelite (BHI) movement is a fringe religious movement that rejects widely accepted definitions of Judaism and asserts that people of color are the true children of Israel. Some factions are highly antisemitic, and believe... Read more

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Samidoun

Samidoun

Samidoun-Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network, is a self-described solidarity network for Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons. Founded in late 2011, it emerged from a coordinated hunger strike by Palestinian prisoners led by The Popular Front for The Liberation... Read more

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American State Natio…

American State National is a term used by sovereign citizens and some QAnon adherents to refer to themselves, reflecting their belief that they are not citizens of what they perceive is an illegitimate, tyrannical federal government. The... Read more

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National Socialist Front (NSF)

National Socialist F…

Founded in 2022, National Socialist Front (NSF), formerly known as NatSoc Florida, is a small, neo-Nazi group primarily based in northeast Florida. After rebranding as a national group in late 2023, NSF formed a new chapter on... Read more

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