Great Replacement / Replacement Theory
"The Great Replacement" conspiracy theory made significant headway into the mainstream in 2021. The theory alleges that people of color are "replacing" white people through immigration, birth rates and other economic, social and political means. While the theory has existed for some time, it found new life this year as major media personalities like Tucker Carlson and elected officials, including Rep. Matt Gaetz, Texas Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick and Rep. Scott Perry, spread the hateful and dangerous conspiracy in 2021. Though the conspiracy is not inherently antisemitic, many white supremacists subscribe to the belief that "The Great Replacement" is being orchestrated by Jews, and the lie has inspired several horrific acts of mass violence against people of color and Jews around the world in recent years, including murder sprees in Pittsburgh, Poway, El Paso, Christchurch, New Zealand, and Buffalo. Its continued spread in 2021 puts these communities at heightened risk.