Redemption Theory/Strawman Theory

Redemption theory, also referred to as strawman theory, is a set of concepts within the sovereign citizen movement that became popular from 1999 onwards. Created by Roger Elvick, a long-time sovereign citizen guru, based on earlier ideas of his, the theory centers around the claim that the U.S. government created fictitious duplicates (called "strawmen") of flesh-and-blood human beings as part of an effort to change birth certificates into stock certificates and use them to pay off the country's international debt after the U.S. went off the gold standard in 1933.

This database provides an overview of many of the terms and individuals used by or associated with movements and groups that subscribe to and/or promote extremist or hateful ideologies.